2020人体艺术电影

来源: 时间: 2020-05-30 20:49:00 阅读:
      


中华人民共和国主席令

 

第四十五号

 

《中华人民共和国民法典》已由中华人民共和国第十三届全国人民代表大会第三次会议于2020528日通过,现予公布,202111日起施行。

 

中华人民共和国主席 习近平

2020528

 

 

中华人民共和国民法典

 

(2020528日第十三届全国人民代表大会第三次会议通过)

 

目  录

 

第一编 总  则

第一章 基本规定

第二章 自然人

第一节 民事权利能力和民事行为能力

第二节 监  护

第三节 宣告失踪和宣告死亡

第四节 个体工商户和农村承包经营户

第三章 法  人

第一节 一般规定

第二节 营利法人

第三节 非营利法人

第四节 特别法人

第四章 非法人组织

第五章 民事权利

第六章 民事法律行为

第一节 一般规定

第二节 意思表示

第三节 民事法律行为的效力

第四节 民事法律行为的附条件和附期限

第七章 代  理

第一节 一般规定

第二节 委托代理

第三节 代理终止

第八章 民事责任

第九章 诉讼时效

第十章 期间计算

 

第二编 物  权

 

第一分编 通  则

第一章 一般规定

第二章 物权的设立、变更、转让和消灭

第一节 不动产登记

第二节 动产交付

第三节 其他规定

第三章 物权的保护

 

第二分编 所有权

第四章 一般规定

第五章 国家所有权和集体所有权、私人所有权

第六章 业主的建筑物区分所有权

第七章 相邻关系

第八章 共  有

第九章 所有权取得的特别规定

 

第三分编 用益物权

第十章 一般规定

第十一章 土地承包经营权

第十二章 建设用地使用权

第十三章 宅基地使用权

第十四章 居住权

第十五章 地役权

 

第四分编 担保物权

第十六章 一般规定

第十七章 抵押权

第一节 一般抵押权

第二节 最高额抵押权

第十八章 质  权

第一节 动产质权

第二节 权利质权

第十九章 留置权

 

第五分编 占  有

第二十章 占  有

 

第三编 合  同

 

第一分编 通  则

第一章 一般规定

第二章 合同的订立

第三章 合同的效力

第四章 合同的履行

第五章 合同的保全

第六章 合同的变更和转让

第七章 合同的权利义务终止

第八章 违约责任

 

第二分编 典型合同

第九章 买卖合同

第十章 供用电、水、气、热力合同

第十一章 赠与合同

第十二章 借款合同

第十三章 保证合同

第一节 一般规定

第二节 保证责任

第十四章 租赁合同

第十五章 融资租赁合同

第十六章 保理合同

第十七章 承揽合同

第十八章 建设工程合同

第十九章 运输合同

第一节 一般规定

第二节 客运合同

第三节 货运合同

第四节 多式联运合同

第二十章 技术合同

第一节 一般规定

第二节 技术开发合同

第三节 技术转让合同和技术许可合同

第四节 技术咨询合同和技术服务合同

第二十一章 保管合同

第二十二章 仓储合同

第二十三章 委托合同

第二十四章 物业服务合同

第二十五章 行纪合同

第二十六章 中介合同

第二十七章 合伙合同

 

第三分编 准合同

第二十八章 无因管理

第二十九章 不当得利

 

第四编 人格权

第一章 一般规定

第二章 生命权、身体权和健康权

第三章 姓名权和名称权

第四章 肖像权

第五章 名誉权和荣誉权

第六章 隐私权和个人信息保护

 

第五编 婚姻家庭

第一章 一般规定

第二章 结  婚

第三章 家庭关系

第一节 夫妻关系

第二节 父母子女关系和其他近亲属关系

第四章 离  婚

第五章 收  养

第一节 收养关系的成立

第二节 收养的效力

第三节 收养关系的解除

 

第六编 继  承

第一章 一般规定

第二章 法定继承

第三章 遗嘱继承和遗赠

第四章 遗产的处理

 

第七编 侵权责任

第一章 一般规定

第二章 损害赔偿

第三章 责任主体的特殊规定

第四章 产品责任

第五章 机动车交通事故责任

第六章 医疗损害责任

第七章 环境污染和生态破坏责任

第八章 高度危险责任

第九章 饲养动物损害责任

第十章 建筑物和物件损害责任

 

附  则

 

 

阅读全文:点击进入

1、主席令: 新华网(两会受权发布)

2、法律条文:

 新华网(两会受权发布)

 法律图书馆-新法规速递  



XINHUASHEBEIJING5YUE22RIDIAN


关于《中华人民共和国民法典(草案)》的说明

——2020年5月22日在第十三届全国人民代表大会第三次会议上


全国人民代表大会常务委员会副委员长 王晨


GEWEIDAIBIAO:

WOSHOUQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIWEITUO,ZUOGUANYU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINFADIAN(CAOAN)》DESHUOMING。


一、编纂民法典的重大意义


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二、编纂民法典的总体要求和基本原则


MINFADIANSHIXINZHONGGUODIYIBUYIFADIANMINGMINGDEFALV,KAICHUANGLEWOGUOFADIANBIANZUANLIFADEXIANHE,JUYOULICHENGBEIYIYI。YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGGAODUZHONGSHIMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUO,JIANGBIANZUANMINFADIANLIERUDANGZHONGYANGZHONGYAOGONGZUOYICHENG,BINGDUIBIANZUANMINFADIANGONGZUORENWUZUOCHUZONGTIBUSHU、TICHUMINGQUEYAOQIU。SHIERJIE、SHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDOUGAODUZHONGSHIZHEIYILIFAGONGZUO,JIANGBIANZUANMINFADIANNARUQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUILIFAGUIHUAHENIANDULIFAGONGZUOJIHUA,QUEDINGWEIQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDELIFAGONGZUOZHONGDIANXIANGMU,JIJICHIXUTUIJIN。WEIZUOHAOMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUO,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDANGZUXIANHOUDUOCIXIANGDANGZHONGYANGQINGSHIHEBAOGAO,JIUMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUODEZONGTIKAOLV、GONGZUOBUZHOU、TILIJIEGOUDENGZHONGDAWENTIJINXINGHUIBAO。2016NIAN6YUE、2018NIAN8YUE、2019NIAN12YUE,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJISANCIZHUCHIZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUCHANGWEIHUIHUIYI,TINGQUBINGYUANZETONGYIQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDANGZUJIUMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUOSUOZUODEQINGSHIHUIBAO,DUIMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUOZUOCHUZHONGYAOZHISHI,WEIMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUOTIGONGLEZHONGYAOZHIDAOHEJIBENZUNXUN。

BIANZUANMINFADIANDEZHIDAOSIXIANGSHI:GAOJUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDAQIZHI,YIMAKESILIENINGZHUYI、MAOZEDONGSIXIANG、DENGXIAOPINGLILUN、“SANGEDAIBIAO”ZHONGYAOSIXIANG、KEXUEFAZHANGUAN、XIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,ZENGQIANG“SIGEYISHI”,JIANDING“SIGEZIXIN”,ZUODAO“LIANGGEWEIHU”,QUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDESHIBADA、SHIJIUDAHEYOUGUANZHONGYANGQUANHUIJINGSHEN,JIANCHIDANGDELINGDAO、RENMINDANGJIAZUOZHU、YIFAZHIGUOYOUJITONGYI,JINJINWEIRAOTONGCHOUTUIJIN“WUWEIYITI”ZONGTIBUJUHEXIEDIAOTUIJIN“SIGEQUANMIAN”ZHANLVEBUJU,JINJINWEIRAOJIANSHEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHITIXI、JIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIFAZHIGUOJIA,ZONGJIESHIJIANJINGYAN,SHIYINGSHIDAIYAOQIU,DUIWOGUOXIANXINGDE、ZHIDINGYUBUTONGSHIQIDEMINFATONGZE、WUQUANFA、HETONGFA、DANBAOFA、HUNYINFA、SHOUYANGFA、JICHENGFA、QINQUANZERENFAHERENGEQUANFANGMIANDEMINSHIFALVGUIFANJINXINGQUANMIANXITONGDEBIANDINGZUANXIU,XINGCHENGYIBUJUYOUZHONGGUOTESE、TIXIANSHIDAITEDIAN、FANYINGRENMINYIYUANDEMINFADIAN,WEIXINSHIDAIJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、SHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAO、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGZHONGGUOMENGTIGONGWANBEIDEMINSHIFAZHIBAOZHANG。

GUANCHESHANGSHUZHIDAOSIXIANG,QIESHIZUOHAOMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUO,BIXUZUNXUNHETIXIANYIXIAJIBENYUANZE:YISHIJIANCHIZHENGQUEZHENGZHIFANGXIANG,QUANMIANGUANCHEXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQUANMIANYIFAZHIGUOXINLINIANXINSIXIANGXINZHANLVE,JIANJUEGUANCHEDANGZHONGYANGDEJUECEBUSHU,JIANCHIFUWUDANGHEGUOJIAGONGZUODAJU,CHONGFENFAHUIMINFADIANZAIJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUAZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。ERSHIJIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXIN,YIBAOHUMINSHIQUANLIWEICHUFADIANHELUOJIAODIAN,QIESHIHUIYINGRENMINDEFAZHIXUQIU,GENGHAODIMANZURENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAO,CHONGFENSHIXIANHAO、WEIHUHAO、FAZHANHAOZUIGUANGDARENMINDEGENBENLIYI,SHIMINFADIANCHENGWEIXINSHIDAIBAOHURENMINMINSHIQUANLIDEHAOFADIAN。SANSHIJIANCHILIZUGUOQINGHESHIJI,QUANMIANZONGJIEWOGUOGAIGEKAIFANG40DUONIANLAIMINSHILIFAHESHIJIANJINGYAN,YIFADIANHUAFANGSHIGONGGU、QUERENHEFAZHANMINSHIFAZHIJIANSHECHENGGUO,YISHIJIANXUQIUZHIYINLIFAFANGXIANG,TIGAOMINSHIFALVZHIDUDEZHENDUIXING、YOUXIAOXING、SHIYINGXING,FAHUIFAZHIDEYINLING、GUIFAN、BAOZHANGZUOYONG。SISHIJIANCHIYIFAZHIGUOYUYIDEZHIGUOXIANGJIEHE,ZHUZHONGJIANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANRONGRUMINSHIFALVGUIFAN,DALIHONGYANGCHUANTONGMEIDEHESHEHUIGONGDE,QIANGHUAGUIZEYISHI,CHANGDAOQIYUEJINGSHEN,WEIHUGONGXULIANGSU。WUSHIJIANCHIKEXUELIFA、MINZHULIFA、YIFALIFA,BUDUANZENGQIANGMINSHIFALVGUIFANDEXITONGXING、WANZHENGXING,JIBAOCHIMINSHIFALVZHIDUDELIANXUXING、WENDINGXING,YOUBAOCHISHIDUDEQIANZHANXING、KAIFANGXING,TONGSHICHULIHAO、XIANJIEHAOFADIANHUAMINSHIFALVZHIDUXIAGELEIGUIFANZHIJIANDEGUANXI。


三、民法典编纂工作情况


GENJUDANGZHONGYANGDEGONGZUOBUSHU,BIANZUANMINFADIANDEQICAOGONGZUOYOUQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIFAZHIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIQIANTOU,ZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN、ZUIGAORENMINJIANCHAYUAN、SIFABU、ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKE2020RENTIYISHUDIANYING、ZHONGGUOFAXUEHUIWEICANJIADANWEI。WEIZUOHAOMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUO,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIFAZHIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIYUWUJIACANJIADANWEICHENGLILEMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUOXIEDIAOXIAOZU,BINGCHENGLILEMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUOZHUANBAN。

BIANZUANMINFADIANBUSHIZHIDINGQUANXINDEMINSHIFALV,YEBUSHIJIANDANDEFALVHUIBIAN,ERSHIDUIXIANXINGDEMINSHIFALVGUIFANJINXINGBIANDINGZUANXIU,DUIYIJINGBUSHIYINGXIANSHIQINGKUANGDEGUIDINGJINXINGXIUGAIWANSHAN,DUIJINGJISHEHUISHENGHUOZHONGCHUXIANDEXINQINGKUANG、XINWENTIZUOCHUYOUZHENDUIXINGDEXINGUIDING。BIANZUANMINFADIANCAIQU“LIANGBUZOU”DEGONGZUOSILUJINXING:DIYIBU,ZHIDINGMINFAZONGZE,ZUOWEIMINFADIANDEZONGZEBIAN;DIERBU,BIANZUANMINFADIANGEFENBIAN,JINGQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUISHENYIHEXIUGAIWANSHANHOU,ZAIYUMINFAZONGZEHEBINGWEIYIBUWANZHENGDEMINFADIANCAOAN。

2015NIAN3YUE,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIFAZHIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIQIDONGMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUO,ZHESHOUDIYIBUDEMINFAZONGZEZHIDINGGONGZUO,YI1986NIANZHIDINGDEMINFATONGZEWEIJICHU,XITONGSHULIZONGJIEYOUGUANMINSHIFALVDESHIJIANJINGYAN,TILIANMINSHIFALVZHIDUZHONGJUYOUPUBIANSHIYONGXINGHEYINLINGXINGDEGUIZE,XINGCHENGMINFAZONGZECAOAN,2016NIANYOUSHIERJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIJINXINGLESANCISHENYI,2017NIAN3YUEYOUDISHIERJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDIWUCIHUIYISHENYITONGGUO。ZHIDINGMINFAZONGZE,WANCHENGLEMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUODEDIYIBU,WEIMINFADIANBIANZUANDIANDINGLEJIANSHIJICHU。

MINFAZONGZETONGGUOHOU,SHIERJIE、SHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIJIEXUNULI、ZHUAJINKAIZHANZUOWEIMINFADIANBIANZUANDIERBUDEGEFENBIANBIANZUANGONGZUO。FAZHIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIYUMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUOGECANJIADANWEIQUANLITUIJINMINFADIANGEFENBIANBIANZUANGONGZUO,XITONGSHULI、YANJIULINIANLAIYOUGUANFANGMIANTICHUDEYIJIAN,KAIZHANLIFADIAOYAN,GUANGFANTINGQUYIJIANJIANYI,YIXIANXINGWUQUANFA、HETONGFA、DANBAOFA、HUNYINFA、SHOUYANGFA、JICHENGFA、QINQUANZERENFADENGWEIJICHU,JIEHEWOGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDUIMINSHIFALVTICHUDEXINXUQIU,XINGCHENGLEBAOKUOWUQUAN、HETONG、RENGEQUAN、HUNYINJIATING、JICHENG、QINQUANZERENDENG6GEFENBIANZAINEIDEMINFADIANGEFENBIANCAOAN,TIQING2018NIAN8YUEZHAOKAIDEDISHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDIWUCIHUIYISHENYI。QIHOU,2018NIAN12YUE、2019NIAN4YUE、6YUE、8YUE、10YUE,DISHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDIQICI、DISHICI、DISHIYICI、DISHIERCI、DISHISICIHUIYIDUIMINFADIANGEFENBIANCAOANJINXINGLECHAIFENSHENYI,DUIQUANBU6GEFENBIANCAOANJINXINGLEERSHEN,DUIGEFANGMIANBIJIAOGUANZHUDERENGEQUAN、HUNYINJIATING、QINQUANZEREN3GEFENBIANCAOANJINXINGLESANSHEN。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,JIANGMINFAZONGZEYUJINGGUOCHANGWEIHUISHENYIHEXIUGAIWANSHANDEMINFADIANGEFENBIANCAOANHEBING,XINGCHENG《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINFADIAN(CAOAN)》,TIQING2019NIAN12YUEZHAOKAIDEDISHISANJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDISHIWUCIHUIYISHENYI。JINGSHENYI,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIZUOCHUJUEDING,JIANGMINFADIANCAOANTIQINGBENCIDAHUISHENYI。

MINFADIANCAOANJINGQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUISHENYIHOU,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIBANGONGTINGJIANGCAOANYINFASHISANJIEQUANGUORENDADAIBIAO、BUSHUZUZHIQUANGUORENDADAIBIAOYANDUTAOLUNMINFADIANCAOANGONGZUO,ZHENGQIUDAIBIAOYIJIAN。TONGSHI,FAZHIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIHAIJIANGCAOANYINFADIFANGRENDA、JICENGLIFALIANXIDIAN、ZHONGYANGYOUGUANBUMENZHENGQIUYIJIAN,BINGZAIZHONGGUORENDAWANGGONGBUZHENGQIUSHEHUIGONGZHONGYIJIAN。FAZHIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIHAIZAIBEIJINGZHAOKAIDUOGEZUOTANHUI,TINGQUYOUGUANBUMEN、ZHUANJIADEYIJIAN。GEFANGMIANPUBIANRENWEI,BIANZUANMINFADIAN,DUIYUWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIFALVTIXI,YIFAZHIFANGSHITUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUA,QIESHIWEIHUZUIGUANGDARENMINDEGENBENLIYI,CUJINSHEHUIGONGPINGZHENGYIJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGFASHENGYILAI,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIGAODUGUANZHU,LIZHANSHUWEIYUANZHANGDUOCIJIUGUANCHELUOSHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIDUIYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUODEZHONGYAOJIANGHUAJINGSHENHEDANGZHONGYANGJUECEBUSHU,WEIYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUOTIGONGFAZHIBAOZHANGTICHUMINGQUEDEGONGZUOYAOQIU。WOMENRENZHENXUEXIGUANCHEXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHONGYAOJIANGHUAJINGSHENHEDANGZHONGYANGJUECEBUSHU,JIEHEMINFADIANBIANZUANGONGZUO,DUIYUYIQINGXIANGGUANDEMINSHIFALVZHIDUJINXINGSHULIYANJIU,DUICAOANZUOLEYOUZHENDUIXINGDEXIUGAIWANSHAN。

2020NIAN4YUE20RI、21RI,QUANGUORENDAXIANFAHEFALVWEIYUANHUIZHAOKAIHUIYI,GENJUQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDESHENYIYIJIAN、DAIBIAOYANDUTAOLUNZHONGTICHUDEYIJIANHEGEFANGMIANDEYIJIAN,DUIMINFADIANCAOANZUOLEJINYIBUXIUGAIWANSHAN;RENWEIJINGGUOQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDUOCISHENYIHEGUANGFANZHENGQIUYIJIAN,CAOANCHONGFENXISHOUGEFANGMIANDEYIJIANJIANYI,YIJINGBIJIAOCHENGSHU,XINGCHENGLETIQINGBENCIHUIYISHENYIDE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINFADIAN(CAOAN)》。

WEIJINYIBUZUOHAOHUIYISHENYIMINFADIANCAOANDEZHUNBEIGONGZUO,GENGCHONGFENTINGQUQUANGUORENDADAIBIAODEYIJIAN,4YUE29RI,FAZHIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUIJIANGXIUGAIHOUDEMINFADIANCAOANZAICIFASONGJIGESHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIRENDACHANGWEIHUI,QINGGEDIFANGYISHIDANGFANGSHIZUZHIYOUGUANQUANGUORENDADAIBIAOYANDUTAOLUN,TINGQUYIJIAN。


四、民法典草案的主要内容


《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINFADIAN(CAOAN)》GONG7BIAN、1260TIAO,GEBIANYICIWEIZONGZE、WUQUAN、HETONG、RENGEQUAN、HUNYINJIATING、JICHENG、QINQUANZEREN,YIJIFUZE。

(YI)ZONGZEBIAN

DIYIBIAN“ZONGZE”GUIDINGMINSHIHUODONGBIXUZUNXUNDEJIBENYUANZEHEYIBANXINGGUIZE,TONGLINGMINFADIANGEFENBIAN。DIYIBIANJIBENBAOCHIXIANXINGMINFAZONGZEDEJIEGOUHENEIRONGBUBIAN,GENJUFADIANBIANZUANTIXIHUAYAOQIUDUIGEBIETIAOKUANZUOLEWENZIXIUGAI,BINGJIANG“FUZE”BUFENYIDAOMINFADIANCAOANDEZUIHOU。DIYIBIANGONG10ZHANG、204TIAO,ZHUYAONEIRONGYOU:

1.GUANYUJIBENGUIDING。DIYIBIANDIYIZHANGGUIDINGLEMINFADIANDELIFAMUDEHEYIJU。QIZHONG,JIANG“HONGYANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN”ZUOWEIYIXIANGZHONGYAODELIFAMUDE,TIXIANJIANCHIYIFAZHIGUOYUYIDEZHIGUOXIANGJIEHEDEXIANMINGZHONGGUOTESE(CAOANDIYITIAO)。TONGSHI,GUIDINGLEMINSHIQUANLIJIQITAHEFAQUANYISHOUFALVBAOHU,QUELILEPINGDENG、ZIYUAN、GONGPING、CHENGXIN、SHOUFAHEGONGXULIANGSUDENGMINFAJIBENYUANZE(CAOANDISITIAOZHIDIBATIAO)。WEIGUANCHEXIJINPINGSHENGTAIWENMINGSIXIANG,JIANGLVSEYUANZEQUELIWEIMINFADEJIBENYUANZE,GUIDINGMINSHIZHUTICONGSHIMINSHIHUODONG,YINGDANGYOULIYUJIEYUEZIYUAN、BAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJING(CAOANDIJIUTIAO)。

2.GUANYUMINSHIZHUTI。MINSHIZHUTISHIMINSHIGUANXIDECANYUZHE、MINSHIQUANLIDEXIANGYOUZHE、MINSHIYIWUDELVXINGZHEHEMINSHIZERENDECHENGDANZHE,JUTIBAOKUOSANLEI:YISHIZIRANREN。ZIRANRENSHIZUIJIBENDEMINSHIZHUTI。CAOANGUIDINGLEZIRANRENDEMINSHIQUANLINENGLIHEMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIZHIDU、JIANHUZHIDU、XUANGAOSHIZONGHEXUANGAOSIWANGZHIDU,BINGDUIGETIGONGSHANGHUHENONGCUNCHENGBAOJINGYINGHUZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIYIBIANDIERZHANG)。JIEHECICIYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUO,DUIJIANHUZHIDUZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN,GUIDINGYINFASHENGTUFASHIJIANDENGJINJIQINGKUANG,JIANHURENZANSHIWUFALVXINGJIANHUZHIZE,BEIJIANHURENDESHENGHUOCHUYUWURENZHAOLIAOZHUANGTAIDE,BEIJIANHURENZHUSUODIDEJUMINWEIYUANHUI、CUNMINWEIYUANHUIHUOZHEMINZHENGBUMENYINGDANGWEIBEIJIANHURENANPAIBIYAODELINSHISHENGHUOZHAOLIAOCUOSHI(CAOANDISANSHISITIAODISIKUAN)。ERSHIFAREN。FARENSHIYIFACHENGLIDE,JUYOUMINSHIQUANLINENGLIHEMINSHIXINGWEINENGLI,YIFADULIXIANGYOUMINSHIQUANLIHECHENGDANMINSHIYIWUDEZUZHI。CAOANGUIDINGLEFARENDEDINGYI、CHENGLIYUANZEHETIAOJIAN、ZHUSUODENGYIBANGUIDING,BINGDUIYINGLIFAREN、FEIYINGLIFAREN、TEBIEFARENSANLEIFARENFENBIEZUOLEJUTIGUIDING(CAOANDIYIBIANDISANZHANG)。SANSHIFEIFARENZUZHI。FEIFARENZUZHISHIBUJUYOUFARENZIGE,DANSHINENGGOUYIFAYIZIJIDEMINGYICONGSHIMINSHIHUODONGDEZUZHI。CAOANDUIFEIFARENZUZHIDESHELI、ZERENCHENGDAN、JIESAN、QINGSUANDENGZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIYIBIANDISIZHANG)。

3.GUANYUMINSHIQUANLI。BAOHUMINSHIQUANLISHIMINSHILIFADEZHONGYAORENWU。DIYIBIANDIWUZHANGGUIDINGLEMINSHIQUANLIZHIDU,BAOKUOGEZHONGRENSHENQUANLIHECAICHANQUANLI。WEIJIANSHECHUANGXINXINGGUOJIA,CAOANDUIZHISHICHANQUANZUOLEGAIKUOXINGGUIDING,YITONGLINGGEGEDANXINGDEZHISHICHANQUANFALV(CAOANDIYIBAIERSHISANTIAO)。TONGSHI,DUISHUJU、WANGLUOXUNICAICHANDEBAOHUZUOLEYUANZEXINGGUIDING(CAOANDIYIBAIERSHIQITIAO)。CIWAI,HAIGUIDINGLEMINSHIQUANLIDEQUDEHEXINGSHIGUIZEDENGNEIRONG(CAOANDIYIBAIERSHIJIUTIAOZHIDIYIBAISANSHIERTIAO)。

4.GUANYUMINSHIFALVXINGWEIHEDAILI。MINSHIFALVXINGWEISHIMINSHIZHUTITONGGUOYISIBIAOSHISHELI、BIANGENG、ZHONGZHIMINSHIFALVGUANXIDEXINGWEI,DAILISHIMINSHIZHUTITONGGUODAILIRENSHISHIMINSHIFALVXINGWEIDEZHIDU。DIYIBIANDILIUZHANG、DIQIZHANGGUIDINGLEMINSHIFALVXINGWEIZHIDU、DAILIZHIDU:YISHIGUIDINGMINSHIFALVXINGWEIDEDINGYI、CHENGLI、XINGSHIHESHENGXIAOSHIJIANDENG(CAOANDIYIBIANDILIUZHANGDIYIJIE)。ERSHIDUIYISIBIAOSHIDESHENGXIAO、FANGSHI、CHEHUIHEJIESHIDENGZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIYIBIANDILIUZHANGDIERJIE)。SANSHIGUIDINGMINSHIFALVXINGWEIDEXIAOLIZHIDU(CAOANDIYIBIANDILIUZHANGDISANJIE)。SISHIGUIDINGLEDAILIDESHIYONGFANWEI、XIAOLI、LEIXINGDENGDAILIZHIDUDENEIRONG(CAOANDIYIBIANDIQIZHANG)。

5.GUANYUMINSHIZEREN、SUSONGSHIXIAOHEQIJIANJISUAN。MINSHIZERENSHIMINSHIZHUTIWEIFANMINSHIYIWUDEFALVHOUGUO,SHIBAOZHANGHEWEIHUMINSHIQUANLIDEZHONGYAOZHIDU。SUSONGSHIXIAOSHIQUANLIRENZAIFADINGQIJIANNEIBUXINGSHIQUANLI,QUANLIBUSHOUBAOHUDEFALVZHIDU,QIGONGNENGZHUYAOSHICUSHIQUANLIRENJISHIXINGSHIQUANLI、WEIHUJIAOYIANQUAN、WENDINGFALVZHIXU。DIYIBIANDIBAZHANG、DIJIUZHANG、DISHIZHANGGUIDINGLEMINSHIZEREN、SUSONGSHIXIAOHEQIJIANJISUANZHIDU:YISHIGUIDINGLEMINSHIZERENDECHENGDANFANGSHI,BINGDUIBUKEKANGLI、ZHENGDANGFANGWEI、JINJIBIXIAN、ZIYUANSHISHIJINJIJIUZHUDENGTESHUDEMINSHIZERENCHENGDANWENTIZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIYIBIANDIBAZHANG)。ERSHIGUIDINGLESUSONGSHIXIAODEQIJIANJIQIQISUAN、FALVXIAOGUO,SUSONGSHIXIAODEZHONGZHI、ZHONGDUANDENGNEIRONG(CAOANDIYIBIANDIJIUZHANG)。SANSHIGUIDINGLEQIJIANDEJISUANDANWEI、QISUAN、JIESHUHESHUNYANDENG(CAOANDIYIBIANDISHIZHANG)。

(ER)WUQUANBIAN

WUQUANSHIMINSHIZHUTIYIFAXIANGYOUDEZHONGYAOCAICHANQUAN。WUQUANFALVZHIDUDIAOZHENGYINWUDEGUISHUHELIYONGERCHANSHENGDEMINSHIGUANXI,SHIZUIZHONGYAODEMINSHIJIBENZHIDUZHIYI。2007NIANDISHIJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDIWUCIHUIYITONGGUOLEWUQUANFA。CAOANDIERBIAN“WUQUAN”ZAIXIANXINGWUQUANFADEJICHUSHANG,ANZHAODANGZHONGYANGTICHUDEWANSHANCHANQUANBAOHUZHIDU,JIANQUANGUISHUQINGXI、QUANZEMINGQUE、BAOHUYANGE、LIUZHUANSHUNCHANGDEXIANDAICHANQUANZHIDUDEYAOQIU,JIEHEXIANSHIXUYAO,JINYIBUWANSHANLEWUQUANFALVZHIDU。DIERBIANGONG5GEFENBIAN、20ZHANG、258TIAO,ZHUYAONEIRONGYOU:

1.GUANYUTONGZE。DIYIFENBIANWEITONGZE,GUIDINGLEWUQUANZHIDUJICHUXINGGUIFAN,BAOKUOPINGDENGBAOHUDENGWUQUANJIBENYUANZE,WUQUANBIANDONGDEJUTIGUIZE,YIJIWUQUANBAOHUZHIDU。DANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUITONGGUODE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUTUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUARUOGANZHONGDAWENTIDEJUEDING》DUISHEHUIZHUYIJIBENJINGJIZHIDUYOULEXINDEBIAOSHU,WEIGUANCHEHUIYIJINGSHEN,CAOANJIANGYOUGUANJIBENJINGJIZHIDUDEGUIDINGXIUGAIWEI:“GUOJIAJIANCHIHEWANSHANGONGYOUZHIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGSUOYOUZHIJINGJIGONGTONGFAZHAN,ANLAOFENPEIWEIZHUTI、DUOZHONGFENPEIFANGSHIBINGCUN,SHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIDENGSHEHUIZHUYIJIBENJINGJIZHIDU。”(CAOANDIERBAILINGLIUTIAODIYIKUAN)

2.GUANYUSUOYOUQUAN。SUOYOUQUANSHIWUQUANDEJICHU,SHISUOYOURENDUIZIJIDEBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHANYIFAXIANGYOUZHANYOU、SHIYONG、SHOUYIHECHUFENDEQUANLI。DIERFENBIANGUIDINGLESUOYOUQUANZHIDU,BAOKUOSUOYOUQUANRENDEQUANLI,ZHENGSHOUHEZHENGYONGGUIZE,GUOJIA、JITIHESIRENDESUOYOUQUAN,XIANGLINGUANXI、GONGYOUDENGSUOYOUQUANJIBENZHIDU。ZHENDUIJINNIANLAIQUNZHONGPUBIANFANYINGYEZHUDAHUICHENGLINAN、GONGGONGWEIXIUZIJINSHIYONGNANDENGWENTI,BINGJIEHECICIXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUO,ZAIXIANXINGWUQUANFAGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUWANSHANLEYEZHUDEJIANZHUWUQUFENSUOYOUQUANZHIDU:YISHIMINGQUEDIFANGZHENGFUYOUGUANBUMEN、JUMINWEIYUANHUIYINGDANGDUISHELIYEZHUDAHUIHEXUANJUYEZHUWEIYUANHUIJIYUZHIDAOHEXIEZHU(CAOANDIERBAIQISHIQITIAODIERKUAN)。ERSHISHIDANGJIANGDIYEZHUGONGTONGJUEDINGSHIXIANG,TEBIESHISHIYONGJIANZHUWUJIQIFUSHUSHESHIWEIXIUZIJINDEBIAOJUEMENJIAN,BINGZENGJIAGUIDINGJINJIQINGKUANGXIASHIYONGWEIXIUZIJINDETEBIECHENGXU(CAOANDIERBAIQISHIBATIAO、DIERBAIBASHIYITIAODIERKUAN)。SANSHIJIEHEYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUO,ZAIZHENGYONGZUZHI、GERENDEBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHANDESHIYOUZHONGZENGJIA“YIQINGFANGKONG”;MINGQUEWUYEFUWUQIYEHEYEZHUDEXIANGGUANZERENHEYIWU,ZENGJIAGUIDINGWUYEFUWUQIYEHUOZHEQITAGUANLIRENYINGDANGZHIXINGZHENGFUYIFASHISHIDEYINGJICHUZHICUOSHIHEQITAGUANLICUOSHI,JIJIPEIHEKAIZHANXIANGGUANGONGZUO,YEZHUYINGDANGYIFAYUYIPEIHE(CAOANDIERBAISISHIWUTIAO、DIERBAIBASHIWUTIAODIERKUAN、DIERBAIBASHILIUTIAODIYIKUAN)。

3.GUANYUYONGYIWUQUAN。YONGYIWUQUANSHIZHIQUANLIRENYIFADUITARENDEWUXIANGYOUZHANYOU、SHIYONGHESHOUYIDEQUANLI。DISANFENBIANGUIDINGLEYONGYIWUQUANZHIDU,MINGQUELEYONGYIWUQUANRENDEJIBENQUANLIHEYIWU,YIJIJIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUAN、ZHAIJIDISHIYONGQUAN、DIYIQUANDENGYONGYIWUQUAN。CAOANHAIZAIXIANXINGWUQUANFAGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,ZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN:YISHILUOSHIDANGZHONGYANGGUANYUWANSHANCHANQUANBAOHUZHIDUYIFABAOHUCHANQUANDEYAOQIU,MINGQUEZHUZHAIJIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUANQIXIANJIEMANDE,ZIDONGXUQI;XUQIFEIYONGDEJIAONAHUOZHEJIANMIAN,YIZHAOFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIDEGUIDINGBANLI(CAOANDISANBAIWUSHIJIUTIAODIYIKUAN)。ERSHIWANSHANNONGCUNJITICHANQUANXIANGGUANZHIDU,LUOSHINONGCUNCHENGBAODI“SANQUANFENZHI”GAIGEDEYAOQIU,DUITUDICHENGBAOJINGYINGQUANDEXIANGGUANGUIDINGZUOLEWANSHAN,ZENGJIATUDIJINGYINGQUANDEGUIDING,BINGSHANCHUGENGDISHIYONGQUANBUDEDIYADEGUIDING,YISHIYING“SANQUANFENZHI”HOUTUDIJINGYINGQUANRUSHIDEXUYAO(CAOANDIERBIANDISHIYIZHANG、DISANBAIJIUSHIJIUTIAO)。KAOLVDAONONGCUNJITIJIANSHEYONGDIHEZHAIJIDIZHIDUGAIGEZHENGZAITUIJINGUOCHENGZHONG,CAOANYUTUDIGUANLIFADENGZUOLEXIANJIEXINGGUIDING(CAOANDISANBAILIUSHIYITIAO、DISANBAILIUSHISANTIAO)。SANSHIWEIGUANCHEDANGDESHIJIUDATICHUDEJIAKUAIJIANLIDUOZHUTIGONGJI、DUOQUDAOBAOZHANGZHUFANGZHIDUDEYAOQIU,ZENGJIAGUIDING“JUZHUQUAN”ZHEIYIXINXINGYONGYIWUQUAN,MINGQUEJUZHUQUANYUANZESHANGWUCHANGSHELI,JUZHUQUANRENYOUQUANANZHAOHETONGYUEDINGHUOZHEYIZHU,JINGDENGJIZHANYOU、SHIYONGTARENDEZHUZHAI,YIMANZUQIWENDINGDESHENGHUOJUZHUXUYAO(CAOANDIERBIANDISHISIZHANG)。

4.GUANYUDANBAOWUQUAN。DANBAOWUQUANSHIZHIWEILEQUEBAOZHAIWULVXINGERSHELIDEWUQUAN,BAOKUODIYAQUAN、ZHIQUANHELIUZHIQUAN。DISIFENBIANDUIDANBAOWUQUANZUOLEGUIDING,MINGQUELEDANBAOWUQUANDEHANYI、SHIYONGFANWEI、DANBAOFANWEIDENGGONGTONGGUIZE,YIJIDIYAQUAN、ZHIQUANHELIUZHIQUANDEJUTIGUIZE。CAOANZAIXIANXINGWUQUANFAGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUWANSHANLEDANBAOWUQUANZHIDU,WEIYOUHUAYINGSHANGHUANJINGTIGONGFAZHIBAOZHANG:YISHIKUODADANBAOHETONGDEFANWEI,MINGQUERONGZIZULIN、BAOLI、SUOYOUQUANBAOLIUDENGFEIDIANXINGDANBAOHETONGDEDANBAOGONGNENG,ZENGJIAGUIDINGDANBAOHETONGBAOKUODIYAHETONG、ZHIYAHETONGHEQITAJUYOUDANBAOGONGNENGDEHETONG(CAOANDISANBAIBASHIBATIAODIYIKUAN)。ERSHISHANCHUYOUGUANDANBAOWUQUANJUTIDENGJIJIGOUDEGUIDING,WEIJIANLITONGYIDEDONGCHANDIYAHEQUANLIZHIYADENGJIZHIDULIUXIAKONGJIAN。SANSHIJIANHUADIYAHETONGHEZHIYAHETONGDEYIBANTIAOKUAN(CAOANDISIBAITIAODIERKUAN、DISIBAIERSHIQITIAODIERKUAN)。SISHIMINGQUESHIXIANDANBAOWUQUANDETONGYISHOUCHANGGUIZE(CAOANDISIBAIYISHISITIAO)。

5.GUANYUZHANYOU。ZHANYOUSHIZHIDUIBUDONGCHANHUOZHEDONGCHANSHISHISHANGDEKONGZHIYUZHIPEI。DIWUFENBIANDUIZHANYOUDEDIAOZHENGFANWEI、WUQUANZHANYOUQINGXINGXIADESUNHAIPEICHANGZEREN、YUANWUJIZIXIDEFANHAIYIJIZHANYOUBAOHUDENGZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIERBIANDIERSHIZHANG)。

(SAN)HETONGBIAN

HETONGZHIDUSHISHICHANGJINGJIDEJIBENFALVZHIDU。1999NIANDIJIUJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDIERCIHUIYITONGGUOLEHETONGFA。CAOANDISANBIAN“HETONG”ZAIXIANXINGHETONGFADEJICHUSHANG,GUANCHEQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEDEJINGSHEN,JIANCHIWEIHUQIYUE、PINGDENGJIAOHUAN、GONGPINGJINGZHENG,CUJINSHANGPINHEYAOSUZIYOULIUDONG,WANSHANHETONGZHIDU。DISANBIANGONG3GEFENBIAN、29ZHANG、526TIAO,ZHUYAONEIRONGYOU:

1.GUANYUTONGZE。DIYIFENBIANWEITONGZE,GUIDINGLEHETONGDEDINGLI、XIAOLI、LVXING、BAOQUAN、ZHUANRANG、ZHONGZHI、WEIYUEZERENDENGYIBANXINGGUIZE,BINGZAIXIANXINGHETONGFADEJICHUSHANG,WANSHANLEHETONGZONGZEZHIDU:YISHITONGGUOGUIDINGFEIHETONGZHIZHAIDEFALVSHIYONGGUIZE、DUOSHURENZHIZHAIDELVXINGGUIZEDENGWANSHANZHAIFADEYIBANXINGGUIZE(CAOANDISIBAILIUSHIBATIAO、DIWUBAIYISHIQITIAOZHIDIWUBAIERSHIYITIAO)。ERSHIWANSHANLEDIANZIHETONGDINGLIGUIZE,ZENGJIALEYUYUEHETONGDEJUTIGUIDING,WANSHANLEGESHITIAOKUANZHIDUDENGHETONGDINGLIZHIDU(CAOANDISIBAIJIUSHIYITIAO、DISIBAIJIUSHIWUTIAOZHIDISIBAIJIUSHIBATIAO)。SANSHIJIEHEXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGFANGKONGGONGZUO,WANSHANGUOJIADINGHUOHETONGZHIDU,GUIDINGGUOJIAGENJUQIANGXIANJIUZAI、YIQINGFANGKONGHUOZHEQITAXUYAOXIADAGUOJIADINGHUORENWU、ZHILINGXINGJIHUADE,YOUGUANMINSHIZHUTIZHIJIANYINGDANGYIZHAOYOUGUANFALV、XINGZHENGFAGUIGUIDINGDEQUANLIHEYIWUDINGLIHETONG(CAOANDISIBAIJIUSHISITIAODIYIKUAN)。SISHIZHENDUISHIJIANZHONGYIFANGDANGSHIRENWEIFANYIWUBUBANLIBAOPISHOUXUYINGXIANGHETONGSHENGXIAODEWENTI,CAOANMINGQUELEDANGSHIRENWEIFANBAOPIYIWUDEFALVHOUGUO,JIANQUANHETONGXIAOLIZHIDU(CAOANDIWUBAILINGERTIAODIERKUAN)。WUSHIWANSHANHETONGLVXINGZHIDU,LUOSHILVSEYUANZE,GUIDINGDANGSHIRENZAILVXINGHETONGGUOCHENGZHONGYINGDANGBIMIANLANGFEIZIYUAN、WURANHUANJINGHEPOHUAISHENGTAI(CAOANDIWUBAILINGJIUTIAODISANKUAN)。TONGSHI,ZAIZONGJIESIFASHIJIANJINGYANDEJICHUSHANGZENGJIAGUIDINGLEQINGSHIBIANGENGZHIDU(CAOANDIWUBAISANSHISANTIAO)。LIUSHIWANSHANDAIWEIQUAN、CHEXIAOQUANDENGHETONGBAOQUANZHIDU,JINYIBUQIANGHUADUIZHAIQUANRENDEBAOHU,XIHUALEZHAIQUANZHUANRANG、ZHAIWUYIZHUANZHIDU,ZENGJIALEZHAIWUQINGCHANGDICHONGGUIZE、WANSHANLEHETONGJIECHUDENGHETONGZHONGZHIZHIDU(CAOANDISANBIANDIWUZHANG、DIWUBAISISHIWUTIAOZHIDIWUBAIWUSHILIUTIAO、DIWUBAILIUSHITIAO、DIWUBAILIUSHISANTIAOZHIDIWUBAILIUSHILIUTIAO)。QISHITONGGUOXISHOUXIANXINGDANBAOFAYOUGUANDINGJINGUIZEDEGUIDING,WANSHANWEIYUEZERENZHIDU(CAOANDIWUBAIBASHILIUTIAOZHIDIWUBAIBASHIBATIAO)。

2.GUANYUDIANXINGHETONG。DIANXINGHETONGZAISHICHANGJINGJIHUODONGHESHEHUISHENGHUOZHONGYINGYONGPUBIAN。WEISHIYINGXIANSHIXUYAO,ZAIXIANXINGHETONGFAGUIDINGDEMAIMAIHETONG、ZENGYUHETONG、JIEKUANHETONG、ZULINHETONGDENG15ZHONGDIANXINGHETONGDEJICHUSHANG,DIERFENBIANZENGJIALE4ZHONGXINDEDIANXINGHETONG:YISHIXISHOULEDANBAOFAZHONGGUANYUBAOZHENGDENEIRONG,ZENGJIALEBAOZHENGHETONG(CAOANDISANBIANDISHISANZHANG)。ERSHISHIYINGWOGUOBAOLIXINGYEFAZHANHEYOUHUAYINGSHANGHUANJINGDEXUYAO,ZENGJIALEBAOLIHETONG(CAOANDISANBIANDISHILIUZHANG)。SANSHIZHENDUIWUYEFUWULINGYUDETUCHUWENTI,ZENGJIAGUIDINGLEWUYEFUWUHETONG(CAOANDISANBIANDIERSHISIZHANG)。SISHIZENGJIAGUIDINGHEHUOHETONG,JIANGMINFATONGZEZHONGYOUGUANGERENHEHUODEGUIDINGNARUQIZHONG(CAOANDISANBIANDIERSHIQIZHANG)。

DISANBIANHAIZAIZONGJIEXIANXINGHETONGFASHIJIANJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,WANSHANLEQITADIANXINGHETONG:YISHITONGGUOWANSHANJIANYANQIXIANDEGUIDINGHESUOYOUQUANBAOLIUGUIZEDENGWANSHANMAIMAIHETONG(CAOANDILIUBAIERSHIERTIAO、DILIUBAIERSHISANTIAO、DILIUBAISISHIYITIAOZHIDILIUBAISISHISANTIAO)。ERSHIWEIWEIHUZHENGCHANGDEJINRONGZHIXU,MINGQUEGUIDINGJINZHIGAOLIFANGDAI,JIEKUANDELILVBUDEWEIFANGUOJIAYOUGUANGUIDING(CAOANDILIUBAIBASHITIAODIYIKUAN)。SANSHILUOSHIDANGZHONGYANGTICHUDEJIANLIZUGOUTONGQUANZHUFANGZHIDUDEYAOQIU,BAOHUCHENGZURENLIYI,ZENGJIAGUIDINGFANGWUCHENGZURENDEYOUXIANCHENGZUQUAN(CAOANDIQIBAISANSHISITIAODIERKUAN)。SISHIZHENDUIJINNIANLAIKEYUNHETONGLINGYUCHUXIANDELVKEBAZUO、BUPEIHECHENGYUNRENCAIQUANQUANYUNSHUCUOSHIDENGYANZHONGGANRAOYUNSHUZHIXUHEWEIHAIYUNSHUANQUANDEWENTI,WEIHUZHENGCHANGDEYUNSHUZHIXU,CAOANXIHUALEKEYUNHETONGDANGSHIRENDEQUANLIYIWU(CAOANDIBABAIYISHIWUTIAODIYIKUAN、DIBABAIYISHIJIUTIAO、DIBABAIERSHITIAO)。WUSHIGENJUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANXUYAO,XIUGAIWANSHANLEZENGYUHETONG、RONGZIZULINHETONG、JIANSHEGONGCHENGHETONG、JISHUHETONGDENGDIANXINGHETONG(CAOANDISANBIANDISHIYIZHANG、DISHIWUZHANG、DISHIBAZHANG、DIERSHIZHANG)。

3.GUANYUZHUNHETONG。WUYINGUANLIHEBUDANGDELIJIYUHETONGGUIZETONGSHUZHAIFAXINGZHIDENEIRONG,YOUYUHETONGGUIZEYOUSUOQUBIE,DISANFENBIAN“ZHUNHETONG”FENBIEDUIWUYINGUANLIHEBUDANGDELIDEYIBANXINGGUIZEZUOLEGUIDING。(CAOANDISANBIANDIERSHIBAZHANG、DIERSHIJIUZHANG)

(SI)RENGEQUANBIAN

RENGEQUANSHIMINSHIZHUTIDUIQITEDINGDERENGELIYIXIANGYOUDEQUANLI,GUANXIDAOMEIGERENDERENGEZUNYAN,SHIMINSHIZHUTIZUIJIBENDEQUANLI。CAOANDISIBIAN“RENGEQUAN”ZAIXIANXINGYOUGUANFALVFAGUIHESIFAJIESHIDEJICHUSHANG,CONGMINSHIFALVGUIFANDEJIAODUGUIDINGZIRANRENHEQITAMINSHIZHUTIRENGEQUANDENEIRONG、BIANJIEHEBAOHUFANGSHI,BUSHEJIGONGMINZHENGZHI、SHEHUIDENGFANGMIANQUANLI。DISIBIANGONG6ZHANG、51TIAO,ZHUYAONEIRONGYOU:

1.GUANYUYIBANGUIDING。DISIBIANDIYIZHANGGUIDINGLERENGEQUANDEYIBANXINGGUIZE:YISHIMINGQUERENGEQUANDEDINGYI(CAOANDIJIUBAIJIUSHITIAO)。ERSHIGUIDINGMINSHIZHUTIDERENGEQUANSHOUFALVBAOHU,RENGEQUANBUDEFANGQI、ZHUANRANGHUOZHEJICHENG(CAOANDIJIUBAIJIUSHIYITIAO、DIJIUBAIJIUSHIERTIAO)。SANSHIGUIDINGLEDUISIZHERENGELIYIDEBAOHU(CAOANDIJIUBAIJIUSHISITIAO)。SISHIMINGQUEGUIDINGRENGEQUANSHOUDAOQINHAIHOUDEJIUJIFANGSHI(CAOANDIJIUBAIJIUSHIWUTIAOZHIDIYIQIANTIAO)。

2.GUANYUSHENGMINGQUAN、SHENTIQUANHEJIANKANGQUAN。DISIBIANDIERZHANGGUIDINGLESHENGMINGQUAN、SHENTIQUANHEJIANKANGQUANDEJUTINEIRONG,BINGDUISHIJIANZHONGSHEHUIBIJIAOGUANZHUDEYOUGUANWENTIZUOLEYOUZHENDUIXINGDEGUIDING:YISHIWEICUJINYILIAOWEISHENGSHIYEDEFAZHAN,GULIYITIJUANXIANDESHANXINGYIJU,CAOANXISHOUXINGZHENGFAGUIDEXIANGGUANGUIDING,QUELIQIGUANJUANXIANDEJIBENGUIZE(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGLIUTIAO)。ERSHIWEIGUIFANYURENTIJIYIN、RENTIPEITAIDENGYOUGUANDEYIXUEHEKEYANHUODONG,MINGQUECONGSHICILEIHUODONGYINGZUNSHOUDEGUIZE(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGJIUTIAO)。SANSHIJINNIANLAI,XINGSAORAOWENTIYINQISHEHUIJIAODAGUANZHU,CAOANZAIZONGJIEJIYOULIFAHESIFASHIJIANJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,GUIDINGLEXINGSAORAODERENDINGBIAOZHUN,YIJIJIGUAN、QIYE、2020RENTIYISHUDIANYINGDENGDANWEIFANGZHIHEZHIZHIXINGSAORAODEYIWU(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGYISHITIAO)。

3.GUANYUXINGMINGQUANHEMINGCHENGQUAN。DISIBIANDISANZHANGGUIDINGLEXINGMINGQUAN、MINGCHENGQUANDEJUTINEIRONG,BINGDUIMINSHIZHUTIZUNZHONGBAOHUTARENXINGMINGQUAN、MINGCHENGQUANDEJIBENYIWUZUOLEGUIDING:YISHIDUIZIRANRENXUANQUXINGSHIDEGUIZEZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGYISHIWUTIAO)。ERSHIMINGQUEDUIJUYOUYIDINGSHEHUIZHIMINGDU,BEITARENSHIYONGZUYIZAOCHENGGONGZHONGHUNXIAODEBIMING、YIMING、WANGMINGDENG,CANZHAOSHIYONGXINGMINGQUANHEMINGCHENGQUANBAOHUDEYOUGUANGUIDING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGYISHIQITIAO)。

4.GUANYUXIAOXIANGQUAN。DISIBIANDISIZHANGGUIDINGLEXIAOXIANGQUANDEQUANLINEIRONGJIXUKESHIYONGXIAOXIANGDEGUIZE,MINGQUEJINZHIQINHAITARENDEXIAOXIANGQUAN:YISHIZHENDUILIYONGXINXIJISHUSHOUDUAN“SHENDUWEIZAO”TARENDEXIAOXIANG、SHENGYIN,QINHAITARENRENGEQUANYI,SHENZHIWEIHAISHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIDENGWENTI,GUIDINGJINZHIRENHEZUZHIHUOZHEGERENLIYONGXINXIJISHUSHOUDUANWEIZAODENGFANGSHIQINHAITARENDEXIAOXIANGQUAN。BINGMINGQUEDUIZIRANRENSHENGYINDEBAOHU,CANZHAOSHIYONGXIAOXIANGQUANBAOHUDEYOUGUANGUIDING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGYISHIJIUTIAODIYIKUAN、DIYIQIANLINGERSHISANTIAODIERKUAN)。ERSHIWEILEHELIPINGHENGBAOHUXIAOXIANGQUANYUWEIHUGONGGONGLIYIZHIJIANDEGUANXI,CAOANJIEHESIFASHIJIAN,GUIDINGXIAOXIANGQUANDEHELISHIYONGGUIZE(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGERSHITIAO)。SANSHICONGYOULIYUBAOHUXIAOXIANGQUANRENLIYIDEJIAODU,DUIXIAOXIANGXUKESHIYONGHETONGDEJIESHI、JIECHUDENGZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGERSHIYITIAO、DIYIQIANLINGERSHIERTIAO)。

5.GUANYUMINGYUQUANHERONGYUQUAN。DISIBIANDIWUZHANGGUIDINGLEMINGYUQUANHERONGYUQUANDENEIRONG:YISHIWEILEPINGHENGGERENMINGYUQUANBAOHUYUXINWENBAODAO、YULUNJIANDUZHIJIANDEGUANXI,CAOANDUIXINGWEIRENSHISHIXINWENBAODAO、YULUNJIANDUDENGXINGWEISHEJIDEMINSHIZERENCHENGDAN,YIJIXINGWEIRENSHIFOUJINDAOHELIHESHIYIWUDERENDINGDENGZUOLEGUIDING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGERSHIWUTIAO、DIYIQIANLINGERSHILIUTIAO)。ERSHIGUIDINGMINSHIZHUTIYOUZHENGJUZHENGMINGBAOKAN、WANGLUODENGMEITIBAODAODENEIRONGSHISHI,QINHAIQIMINGYUQUANDE,YOUQUANQINGQIUGENGZHENGHUOZHESHANCHU(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGERSHIBATIAO)。

6.GUANYUYINSIQUANHEGERENXINXIBAOHU。DISIBIANDILIUZHANGZAIXIANXINGYOUGUANFALVGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUQIANGHUADUIYINSIQUANHEGERENXINXIDEBAOHU,BINGWEIXIAYIBUZHIDINGGERENXINXIBAOHUFALIUXIAKONGJIAN:YISHIGUIDINGLEYINSIDEDINGYI,LIEMINGJINZHIQINHAITARENYINSIQUANDEJUTIXINGWEI(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGSANSHIERTIAO、DIYIQIANLINGSANSHISANTIAO)。ERSHIJIEDINGLEGERENXINXIDEDINGYI,MINGQUELECHULIGERENXINXIYINGZUNXUNDEYUANZEHETIAOJIAN(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGSANSHISITIAO、DIYIQIANLINGSANSHIWUTIAO)。SANSHIGOUJIANZIRANRENYUXINXICHULIZHEZHIJIANDEJIBENQUANLIYIWUKUANGJIA,MINGQUECHULIGERENXINXIBUCHENGDANZERENDETEDINGQINGXING,HELIPINGHENGBAOHUGERENXINXIYUWEIHUGONGGONGLIYIZHIJIANDEGUANXI(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGSANSHILIUTIAOZHIDIYIQIANLINGSANSHIBATIAO)。SISHIGUIDINGGUOJIAJIGUANJIQIGONGZUORENYUANFUYOUBAOHUZIRANRENDEYINSIHEGERENXINXIDEYIWU(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGSANSHIJIUTIAO)。

(WU)HUNYINJIATINGBIAN

HUNYINJIATINGZHIDUSHIGUIFANFUQIGUANXIHEJIATINGGUANXIDEJIBENZHUNZE。1980NIANDIWUJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDISANCIHUIYITONGGUOLEXINDEHUNYINFA,2001NIANJINXINGLEXIUGAI。1991NIANDIQIJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDIERSHISANCIHUIYITONGGUOLESHOUYANGFA,1998NIANZUOLEXIUGAI。CAOANDIWUBIAN“HUNYINJIATING”YIXIANXINGHUNYINFA、SHOUYANGFAWEIJICHU,ZAIJIANCHIHUNYINZIYOU、YIFUYIQIDENGJIBENYUANZEDEQIANTIXIA,JIEHESHEHUIFAZHANXUYAO,XIUGAIWANSHANLEBUFENGUIDING,BINGZENGJIALEXINDEGUIDING。DIWUBIANGONG5ZHANG、79TIAO,ZHUYAONEIRONGYOU:

1.GUANYUYIBANGUIDING。DIWUBIANDIYIZHANGZAIXIANXINGHUNYINFAGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,ZHONGSHENLEHUNYINZIYOU、YIFUYIQI、NANNVPINGDENGDENGHUNYINJIATINGLINGYUDEJIBENYUANZEHEGUIZE,BINGZAIXIANXINGHUNYINFADEJICHUSHANG,ZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN:YISHIWEIGUANCHELUOSHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIYOUGUANJIAQIANGJIATINGWENMINGJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOJIANGHUAJINGSHEN,GENGHAODIHONGYANGJIATINGMEIDE,GUIDINGJIATINGYINGDANGSHULIYOULIANGJIAFENG,HONGYANGJIATINGMEIDE,ZHONGSHIJIATINGWENMINGJIANSHE(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGSISHISANTIAODIYIKUAN)。ERSHIWEILEGENGHAODIWEIHUBEISHOUYANGDEWEICHENGNIANRENDEHEFAQUANYI,JIANGLIANHEGUO《ERTONGQUANLIGONGYUE》GUANYUERTONGLIYIZUIDAHUADEYUANZELUOSHIDAOSHOUYANGGONGZUOZHONG,ZENGJIAGUIDINGLEZUIYOULIYUBEISHOUYANGRENDEYUANZE(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGSISHISITIAODIYIKUAN)。SANSHIJIEDINGLEQINSHU、JINQINSHU、JIATINGCHENGYUANDEFANWEI(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGSISHIWUTIAO)。

2.GUANYUJIEHUN。DIWUBIANDIERZHANGGUIDINGLEJIEHUNZHIDU,BINGZAIXIANXINGHUNYINFADEJICHUSHANG,DUIYOUGUANGUIDINGZUOLEWANSHAN:YISHIJIANGSHOUXIEPOYIFANGQINGQIUCHEXIAOHUNYINDEQIJIANQISUANDIANYOU“ZIJIEHUNDENGJIZHIRIQI”XIUGAIWEI“ZIXIEPOXINGWEIZHONGZHIZHIRIQI”(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGWUSHIERTIAODIERKUAN)。ERSHIBUZAIJIANG“HUANYOUYIXUESHANGRENWEIBUYINGDANGJIEHUNDEJIBING”ZUOWEIJINZHIJIEHUNDEQINGXING,BINGXIANGYINGZENGJIAGUIDINGYIFANGYINMANZHONGDAJIBINGDE,LINGYIFANGKEYIXIANGRENMINFAYUANQINGQIUCHEXIAOHUNYIN(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGWUSHISANTIAO)。SANSHIZENGJIAGUIDINGHUNYINWUXIAOHUOZHEBEICHEXIAODE,WUGUOCUOFANGYOUQUANQINGQIUSUNHAIPEICHANG(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGWUSHISITIAODIERKUAN)。

3.GUANYUJIATINGGUANXI。DIWUBIANDISANZHANGGUIDINGLEFUQIGUANXI、FUMUZINVGUANXIHEQITAJINQINSHUGUANXI,BINGGENJUSHEHUIFAZHANXUYAO,ZAIXIANXINGHUNYINFADEJICHUSHANG,WANSHANLEYOUGUANNEIRONG:YISHIMINGQUELEFUQIGONGTONGZHAIWUDEFANWEI。XIANXINGHUNYINFAMEIYOUDUIFUQIGONGTONGZHAIWUDEFANWEIZUOCHUGUIDING。2003NIANZUIGAORENMINFAYUANCHUTAISIFAJIESHI,DUIFUQIGONGTONGZHAIWUDERENDINGZUOCHUGUIDING,JINNIANLAICHENGWEISHEHUIGUANZHUDEREDIANWENTI。2018NIAN1YUE,ZUIGAORENMINFAYUANCHUTAIXINDESIFAJIESHI,XIUGAILECIQIANGUANYUFUQIGONGTONGZHAIWURENDINGDEGUIDING。CONGXINSIFAJIESHISHIXINGXIAOGUOKAN,ZONGTISHANGNENGGOUYOUXIAOPINGHENGGEFANGLIYI,GEFANGMIANZONGTISHANGZANTONG。YINCI,CAOANXISHOUXINSIFAJIESHIDEGUIDING,MINGQUELEFUQIGONGTONGZHAIWUDEFANWEI(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGLIUSHISITIAO)。ERSHIGUIFANQINZIGUANXIQUERENHEFOURENZHISU。QINZIGUANXIWENTISHEJIJIATINGWENDINGHEWEICHENGNIANRENDEBAOHU,ZUOWEIMINSHIJIBENFALV,CAOANDUICILEISUSONGJINXINGLEGUIFAN(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGQISHISANTIAO)。

4.GUANYULIHUN。DIWUBIANDISIZHANGDUILIHUNZHIDUZUOCHULEGUIDING,BINGZAIXIANXINGHUNYINFADEJICHUSHANG,ZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN:YISHIZENGJIALIHUNLENGJINGQIZHIDU。SHIJIANZHONG,QINGLVLIHUNDEXIANXIANGZENGDUO,BULIYUHUNYINJIATINGDEWENDING。WEICI,CAOANGUIDINGLETIJIAOLIHUNDENGJISHENQINGHOUSANSHIRIDELIHUNLENGJINGQI,ZAICIQIJIAN,RENHEYIFANGKEYIXIANGDENGJIJIGUANCHEHUILIHUNSHENQING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGQISHIQITIAO)。ERSHIZHENDUILIHUNSUSONGZHONGCHUXIANDE“JIUDIAOBUPAN”WENTI,ZENGJIAGUIDING,JINGRENMINFAYUANPANJUEBUZHUNLIHUNHOU,SHUANGFANGYOUFENJUMANYINIAN,YIFANGZAICITIQILIHUNSUSONGDE,YINGDANGZHUNYULIHUN(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGQISHIJIUTIAODIWUKUAN)。SANSHIGUANYULIHUNHOUZINVDEFUYANG,JIANGXIANXINGHUNYINFAGUIDINGDE“BURUQINEIDEZINV,YISUIBURUDEMUQINFUYANGWEIYUANZE”XIUGAIWEI“BUMANLIANGZHOUSUIDEZINV,YIYOUMUQINZHIJIEFUYANGWEIYUANZE”,YIZENGQIANGKECAOZUOXING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGBASHISITIAODISANKUAN)。SISHIJIANGFUQICAIYONGFADINGGONGTONGCAICHANZHIDE,NARUSHIYONGLIHUNJINGJIBUCHANGDEFANWEI,YIJIAQIANGDUIJIATINGFUDANJIAODUOYIWUYIFANGQUANYIDEBAOHU(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGBASHIBATIAO)。WUSHIJIANG“YOUQITAZHONGDAGUOCUO”ZENGJIAGUIDINGWEILIHUNSUNHAIPEICHANGDESHIYONGQINGXING(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGJIUSHIYITIAODIWUXIANG)。

5.GUANYUSHOUYANG。DIWUBIANDIWUZHANGDUISHOUYANGGUANXIDECHENGLI、SHOUYANGDEXIAOLI、SHOUYANGGUANXIDEJIECHUZUOLEGUIDING,BINGZAIXIANXINGSHOUYANGFADEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUWANSHANLEYOUGUANZHIDU:YISHIKUODABEISHOUYANGRENDEFANWEI,SHANCHUBEISHOUYANGDEWEICHENGNIANRENJINXIANYUBUMANSHISIZHOUSUIDEXIANZHI,XIUGAIWEIFUHETIAOJIANDEWEICHENGNIANRENJUNKEBEISHOUYANG(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGJIUSHISANTIAO)。ERSHIYUGUOJIAJIHUASHENGYUZHENGCEDEDIAOZHENGXIANGXIEDIAO,JIANGSHOUYANGRENXUWUZINVDEYAOQIUXIUGAIWEISHOUYANGRENWUZINVHUOZHEZHIYOUYIMINGZINV(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGJIUSHIBATIAODIYIXIANG)。SANSHIWEIJINYIBUQIANGHUADUIBEISHOUYANGRENLIYIDEBAOHU,ZAISHOUYANGRENDETIAOJIANZHONGZENGJIAGUIDING“WUBULIYUBEISHOUYANGRENJIANKANGCHENGZHANGDEWEIFAFANZUIJILU”,BINGZENGJIAGUIDINGMINZHENGBUMENYINGDANGYIFAJINXINGSHOUYANGPINGGU(CAOANDIYIQIANLINGJIUSHIBATIAODISIXIANG、DIYIQIANYIBAILINGWUTIAODIWUKUAN)。

(LIU)JICHENGBIAN

JICHENGZHIDUSHIGUANYUZIRANRENSIWANGHOUCAIFUCHUANCHENGDEJIBENZHIDU。1985NIANDILIUJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUIDISANCIHUIYITONGGUOLEJICHENGFA。SUIZHERENMINQUNZHONGSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDEBUDUANTIGAO,GERENHEJIATINGYONGYOUDECAICHANRIYIZENGDUO,YINJICHENGYINFADEJIUFENYEYUELAIYUEDUO。GENJUWOGUOSHEHUIJIATINGJIEGOU、JICHENGGUANNIANDENGFANGMIANDEFAZHANBIANHUA,CAOANDILIUBIAN“JICHENG”ZAIXIANXINGJICHENGFADEJICHUSHANG,XIUGAIWANSHANLEJICHENGZHIDU,YIMANZURENMINQUNZHONGCHULIYICHANDEXIANSHIXUYAO。DILIUBIANGONG4ZHANG、45TIAO,ZHUYAONEIRONGYOU:

1.GUANYUYIBANGUIDING。DILIUBIANDIYIZHANGGUIDINGLEJICHENGZHIDUDEJIBENGUIZE,ZHONGSHENLEGUOJIABAOHUZIRANRENDEJICHENGQUAN,GUIDINGLEJICHENGDEJIBENZHIDU。BINGZAIXIANXINGJICHENGFADEJICHUSHANG,ZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN:YISHIZENGJIAGUIDINGXIANGHUYOUJICHENGGUANXIDESHURENZAITONGYISHIJIANZHONGSIWANG,QIENANYIQUEDINGSIWANGSHIJIANDEJICHENGGUIZE(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIERSHIYITIAODIERKUAN)。ERSHIZENGJIAGUIDINGDUIJICHENGRENDEKUANSHUZHIDU,DUIJICHENGQUANFADINGSANGSHIZHIDUYUYIWANSHAN(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIERSHIWUTIAODIERKUAN)。

2.GUANYUFADINGJICHENG。FADINGJICHENGSHIZAIBEIJICHENGRENMEIYOUDUIQIYICHANDECHULILIYOUYIZHUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JICHENGRENDEFANWEI、JICHENGSHUNXUDENGJUNANZHAOFALVGUIDINGQUEDINGDEJICHENGFANGSHI。DILIUBIANDIERZHANGGUIDINGLEFADINGJICHENGZHIDU,MINGQUELEJICHENGQUANNANNVPINGDENGYUANZE,GUIDINGLEFADINGJICHENGRENDESHUNXUHEFANWEI,YIJIYICHANFENPEIDEJIBENZHIDU。TONGSHI,ZAIXIANXINGJICHENGFADEJICHUSHANG,WANSHANDAIWEIJICHENGZHIDU,ZENGJIAGUIDINGBEIJICHENGRENDEXIONGDIJIEMEIXIANYUBEIJICHENGRENSIWANGDE,YOUBEIJICHENGRENDEXIONGDIJIEMEIDEZINVDAIWEIJICHENG(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIERSHIBATIAODIERKUAN)。

3.GUANYUYIZHUJICHENGHEYIZENG。YIZHUJICHENGSHIGENJUBEIJICHENGRENSHENGQIANSUOLIYIZHUCHULIYICHANDEJICHENGFANGSHI。DILIUBIANDISANZHANGGUIDINGLEYIZHUJICHENGHEYIZENGZHIDU,BINGZAIXIANXINGJICHENGFADEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUXIUGAIWANSHANLEYIZHUJICHENGZHIDU:YISHIZENGJIALEDAYIN、LUXIANGDENGXINDEYIZHUXINGSHI(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAISANSHILIUTIAO、DIYIQIANYIBAISANSHIQITIAO)。ERSHIXIUGAILEYIZHUXIAOLIGUIZE,SHANCHULEXIANXINGJICHENGFAGUANYUGONGZHENGYIZHUXIAOLIYOUXIANDEGUIDING,QIESHIZUNZHONGYIZHURENDEZHENSHIYIYUAN。

4.GUANYUYICHANDECHULI。DILIUBIANDISIZHANGGUIDINGLEYICHANCHULIDECHENGXUHEGUIZE,BINGZAIXIANXINGJICHENGFADEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUWANSHANLEYOUGUANYICHANCHULIDEZHIDU:YISHIZENGJIAYICHANGUANLIRENZHIDU。WEIQUEBAOYICHANDEDAOTUOSHANGUANLI、SHUNLIFENGE,GENGHAODIWEIHUJICHENGREN、ZHAIQUANRENLIYI,CAOANZENGJIAGUIDINGLEYICHANGUANLIRENZHIDU,MINGQUELEYICHANGUANLIRENDECHANSHENGFANGSHI、ZHIZEHEQUANLIDENGNEIRONG(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAISISHIWUTIAOZHIDIYIQIANYIBAISISHIJIUTIAO)。ERSHIWANSHANYIZENGFUYANGXIEYIZHIDU,SHIDANGKUODAFUYANGRENDEFANWEI,MINGQUEJICHENGRENYIWAIDEZUZHIHUOZHEGERENJUNKEYICHENGWEIFUYANGREN,YIMANZUYANGLAOXINGSHIDUOYANGHUAXUQIU(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIWUSHIBATIAO)。SANSHIWANSHANWURENJICHENGYICHANDEGUISHUZHIDU,MINGQUEGUIGUOJIASUOYOUDEWURENJICHENGYICHANYINGDANGYONGYUGONGYISHIYE(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAILIUSHITIAO)。

(QI)QINQUANZERENBIAN

QINQUANZERENSHIMINSHIZHUTIQINHAITARENQUANYIYINGDANGCHENGDANDEFALVHOUGUO。2009NIANDISHIYIJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDISHIERCIHUIYITONGGUOLEQINQUANZERENFA。QINQUANZERENFASHISHIYILAI,ZAIBAOHUMINSHIZHUTIDEHEFAQUANYI、YUFANGHEZHICAIQINQUANXINGWEIFANGMIANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。CAOANDIQIBIAN“QINQUANZEREN”ZAIZONGJIESHIJIANJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,ZHENDUIQINQUANLINGYUCHUXIANDEXINQINGKUANG,XISHOUJIEJIANSIFAJIESHIDEYOUGUANGUIDING,DUIQINQUANZERENZHIDUZUOLEBIYAODEBUCHONGHEWANSHAN。DIQIBIANGONG10ZHANG、95TIAO,ZHUYAONEIRONGYOU:

1.GUANYUYIBANGUIDING。DIQIBIANDIYIZHANGGUIDINGLEQINQUANZERENDEGUIZEYUANZE、DUOSHURENQINQUANDEZERENCHENGDAN、QINQUANZERENDEJIANQINGHUOZHEMIANCHUDENGYIBANGUIZE。BINGZAIXIANXINGQINQUANZERENFADEJICHUSHANGZUOLEJINYIBUDEWANSHAN:YISHIQUELI“ZIGANFENGXIAN”GUIZE,GUIDINGZIYUANCANJIAJUYOUYIDINGFENGXIANDEWENTIHUODONG,YINQITACANJIAZHEDEXINGWEISHOUDAOSUNHAIDE,SHOUHAIRENBUDEQINGQIUMEIYOUGUYIHUOZHEZHONGDAGUOSHIDEQITACANJIAZHECHENGDANQINQUANZEREN(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIQISHILIUTIAODIYIKUAN)。ERSHIGUIDING“ZIZHUXINGWEI”ZHIDU,MINGQUEHEFAQUANYISHOUDAOQINHAI,QINGKUANGJINPOQIEBUNENGJISHIHUODEGUOJIAJIGUANBAOHU,BULIJICAIQUCUOSHIJIANGSHIQIHEFAQUANYISHOUDAONANYIMIBUDESUNHAIDE,SHOUHAIRENKEYIZAIBAOHUZIJIHEFAQUANYIDEBIYAOFANWEINEICAIQUKOULIUQINQUANRENDECAIWUDENGHELICUOSHI,DANSHIYINGDANGLIJIQINGQIUYOUGUANGUOJIAJIGUANCHULI。SHOUHAIRENCAIQUDECUOSHIBUDANGZAOCHENGTARENSUNHAIDE,YINGDANGCHENGDANQINQUANZEREN(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIQISHIQITIAO)。

2.GUANYUSUNHAIPEICHANG。DIQIBIANDIERZHANGGUIDINGLEQINHAIRENSHENQUANYIHECAICHANQUANYIDEPEICHANGGUIZE、JINGSHENSUNHAIPEICHANGGUIZEDENG。TONGSHI,ZAIXIANXINGQINQUANZERENFADEJICHUSHANG,DUIYOUGUANGUIDINGZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN:YISHIWANSHANJINGSHENSUNHAIPEICHANGZHIDU,GUIDINGYINGUYIHUOZHEZHONGDAGUOSHIQINHAIZIRANRENJUYOURENSHENYIYIDETEDINGWUZAOCHENGYANZHONGJINGSHENSUNHAIDE,BEIQINQUANRENYOUQUANQINGQIUJINGSHENSUNHAIPEICHANG(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIBASHISANTIAODIERKUAN)。ERSHIWEIJIAQIANGDUIZHISHICHANQUANDEBAOHU,TIGAOQINQUANWEIFACHENGBEN,CAOANZENGJIAGUIDING,GUYIQINHAITARENZHISHICHANQUAN,QINGJIEYANZHONGDE,BEIQINQUANRENYOUQUANQINGQIUXIANGYINGDECHENGFAXINGPEICHANG(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIBASHIWUTIAO)。

3.GUANYUZERENZHUTIDETESHUGUIDING。DIQIBIANDISANZHANGGUIDINGLEWUMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIREN、XIANZHIMINSHIXINGWEINENGLIRENJIQIJIANHURENDEQINQUANZEREN,YONGRENDANWEIDEQINQUANZEREN,WANGLUOQINQUANZEREN,YIJIGONGGONGCHANGSUODEANQUANBAOZHANGYIWUDENG。TONGSHI,CAOANZAIXIANXINGQINQUANZERENFADEJICHUSHANGZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN:YISHIZENGJIAGUIDINGWEITUOJIANHUDEQINQUANZEREN(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIBASHIJIUTIAO)。ERSHIWANSHANWANGLUOQINQUANZERENZHIDU。WEILEGENGHAODIBAOHUQUANLIRENDELIYI,PINGHENGHAOWANGLUOYONGHUHEWANGLUOFUWUTIGONGZHEZHIJIANDELIYI,CAOANXIHUALEWANGLUOQINQUANZERENDEJUTIGUIDING,WANSHANLEQUANLIRENTONGZHIGUIZEHEWANGLUOFUWUTIGONGZHEDEZHUANTONGZHIGUIZE(CAOANDIYIQIANYIBAIJIUSHIWUTIAO、DIYIQIANYIBAIJIUSHILIUTIAO)。

4.GUANYUGEZHONGJUTIQINQUANZEREN。DIQIBIANDEQITAGEZHANGFENBIEDUICHANPINSHENGCHANXIAOSHOU、JIDONGCHEJIAOTONGSHIGU、YILIAO、HUANJINGWURANHESHENGTAIPOHUAI、GAODUWEIXIAN、SIYANGDONGWU、JIANZHUWUHEWUJIANDENGLINGYUDEQINQUANZERENGUIZEZUOCHULEJUTIGUIDING。BINGZAIXIANXINGQINQUANZERENFADEJICHUSHANG,DUIYOUGUANNEIRONGZUOLEJINYIBUWANSHAN:YISHIWANSHANSHENGCHANZHE、XIAOSHOUZHEZHAOHUIQUEXIANCHANPINDEZEREN,ZENGJIAGUIDING,YIZHAOXIANGGUANGUIDINGCAIQUZHAOHUICUOSHIDE,SHENGCHANZHE、XIAOSHOUZHEYINGDANGFUDANBEIQINQUANRENYINCIZHICHUDEBIYAOFEIYONG(CAOANDIYIQIANERBAILINGLIUTIAODIERKUAN)。ERSHIMINGQUEJIAOTONGSHIGUSUNHAIPEICHANGDESHUNXU,JIXIANYOUJIDONGCHEQIANGZHIBAOXIANLIPEI,BUZUBUFENYOUJIDONGCHESHANGYEBAOXIANLIPEI,RENGBUZUDEYOUQINQUANRENPEICHANG(CAOANDIYIQIANERBAIYISHISANTIAO)。SANSHIJINYIBUBAOZHANGHUANZHEDEZHIQINGTONGYIQUAN,MINGQUEYIWURENYUANDEXIANGGUANSHUOMINGYIWU,JIAQIANGYILIAOJIGOUJIQIYIWURENYUANDUIHUANZHEYINSIHEGERENXINXIDEBAOHU(CAOANDIYIQIANERBAIYISHIJIUTIAO、DIYIQIANERBAIERSHILIUTIAO)。SISHIGUANCHELUOSHIXIJINPINGSHENGTAIWENMINGSIXIANG,ZENGJIAGUIDINGSHENGTAIHUANJINGSUNHAIDECHENGFAXINGPEICHANGZHIDU,BINGMINGQUEGUIDINGLESHENGTAIHUANJINGSUNHAIDEXIUFUHEPEICHANGGUIZE(CAOANDIYIQIANERBAISANSHIERTIAO、DIYIQIANERBAISANSHISITIAO、DIYIQIANERBAISANSHIWUTIAO)。WUSHIJIAQIANGSHENGWUANQUANGUANLI,WANSHANGAODUWEIXIANZEREN,MINGQUEZHANYOUHUOZHESHIYONGGAOZHIBINGXINGWEIXIANWUZAOCHENGTARENSUNHAIDE,YINGDANGCHENGDANQINQUANZEREN(CAOANDIYIQIANERBAISANSHIJIUTIAO)。LIUSHIWANSHANGAOKONGPAOWUZHUIWUZHILIGUIZE。WEIBAOZHANGHAORENMINQUNZHONGDESHENGMINGCAICHANANQUAN,CAOANDUIGAOKONGPAOWUZHUIWUZHILIGUIZEZUOLEJINYIBUDEWANSHAN,GUIDINGJINZHICONGJIANZHUWUZHONGPAOZHIWUPIN,TONGSHIZHENDUICILEISHIJIANCHULIDEZHUYAOKUNNANSHIXINGWEIRENNANYIQUEDINGDEWENTI,QIANGDIAOYOUGUANJIGUANYINGDANGYIFAJISHIDIAOCHA,CHAQINGZERENREN,BINGGUIDINGWUYEFUWUQIYEDENGJIANZHUWUGUANLIRENYINGDANGCAIQUBIYAODEANQUANBAOZHANGCUOSHIFANGZHICILEIXINGWEIDEFASHENG(CAOANDIYIQIANERBAIWUSHISITIAO)。

(BA)FUZE

CAOANZUIHOUBUFEN“FUZE”MINGQUELEMINFADIANYUHUNYINFA、JICHENGFA、MINFATONGZE、SHOUYANGFA、DANBAOFA、HETONGFA、WUQUANFA、QINQUANZERENFA、MINFAZONGZEDEGUANXI。MINFADIANSHIXINGHOU,SHANGSHUMINSHIDANXINGFALVJIANGBEITIDAI。YINCI,CAOANGUIDINGZAIMINFADIANSHIXINGZHISHI,TONGBUFEIZHISHANGSHUMINSHIDANXINGFALV(CAOANDIYIQIANERBAILIUSHITIAO)。XUYAOSHUOMINGDESHI,2014NIANDISHIERJIEQUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIDISHIYICIHUIYITONGGUODE《QUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIGUANYU〈ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINFATONGZE〉DIJIUSHIJIUTIAODIYIKUAN、〈ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHUNYINFA〉DIERSHIERTIAODEJIESHI》,ZUOWEIYUMINFATONGZE、HUNYINFAXIANGGUANDEFALVJIESHI,YETONGBUFEIZHI。

《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOMINFADIAN(CAOAN)》HEYISHANGSHUOMING,QINGSHENYI。


中国民法典诞生! 


新华社北京528日电(记者罗沙、杨维汉)“通过!”20205281508分,十三届全国人大三次会议表决通过了《中华人民共和国民法典》,宣告中国“民法典时代”正式到来。

《中华人民共和国民法典》共7编、1260条,各编依次为总则、物权、合同、人格权、婚姻家庭、继承、侵权责任,以及附则。

编纂民法典是党的十八届四中全会提出的重大立法任务,是以习近平同志为核心的党中央作出的重大法治建设部署。编纂民法典,是对我国现行的、制定于不同时期的民法通则、物权法、合同法、担保法、婚姻法、收养法、继承法、侵权责任法和人格权方面的民事法律规范进行全面系统的编订纂修,形成一部具有中国特色、体现时代特点、反映人民意愿的民法典。

20153月,全国人大常委会法制工作委员会启动民法典编纂工作。20173月,十二届全国人大五次会议审议通过民法总则。201912月,全国人大常委会审议了由民法总则与经过常委会审议和修改完善的民法典各分编草案合并形成的民法典草案,并决定将民法典草案提请十三届全国人大三次会议审议。

今年两会期间,代表委员们对民法典草案展开认真审议和热烈讨论。根据各方面意见,又作了100余处修改,其中实质性修改40余处。

其中,民法典明确建筑物及其附属设施的维修资金的筹集、使用情况应当定期公布。禁止物业服务人采取停止供电、供水、供热、供燃气等方式催交物业费。

同时,民法典再次完善了防止性骚扰有关规定,将“文字、图像”纳入性骚扰的认定范围。继续完善关于高空抛物坠物的规定,规定发生从建筑物中抛掷物品或者从建筑物上坠落的物品造成他人损害的,公安等机关应当依法及时调查,查清责任人。

此外,民法典回应地面塌陷伤人问题,规定建筑物、构筑物或者其他设施倒塌、塌陷造成他人损害的,由建设单位与施工单位承担连带责任,并对因他人原因导致倒塌、塌陷的侵权责任作出了规定。

民法典将自202111日起施行,现行婚姻法、继承法、民法通则、收养法、担保法、合同法、物权法、侵权责任法、民法总则同时废止。



新华社北京5月29日电


习近平在中央政治局第二十次集体学习时强调 

充分认识颁布实施民法典重大意义 依法更好保障人民合法权益


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编辑:yzhch